A Premissa: Romeu e Julieta

8 ago

Lajos-Egri analisa as premissas de diversas peças, para explicar como é importante a todos as pessoas entender a força-motriz por trás de cada uma das histórias. Vamos tomar talvez a peça mais famosa e popular do mundo, cuja história quase todos conhecem: Romeu e Julieta, de Shakespeare. Não importa muito se você gosta ou não desta história, vale a pena analisar como Shakespeare desenvolve a premissa: “O grande amor supera até mesmo a morte“:

“The play starts with a deadly feud between two families, the Capulets and the Montagues. The Montagues have a son, Romeo, and the Capulets a daughter, Juliet. The youngsters’ love for each other is so great that they forget the traditional hate between their two families. Juliet’s parents try to force her to marry Count Paris, and, unwilling to do this, she goes to the good friar, her friend, for advice. He tells her to take a strong sleeping draught on the eve of her wedding which will make her seemingly dead for forty-two hours. Juliet follows his advice. Everyone thinks her dead. This starts the onrushing tragedy for the two lovers. Romeo, believing Juliet really dead, drinks poison and dies beside her. When Juliet awakens and finds Romeo dead, without hesitation she decides to unite with him in death.

This play obviously deals with love. But there are many kinds of love. No doubt this was a great love, since the two lovers not only defied family tradition and hate, but threw away life to unite in death. The premise, then, as we see it is: “Great love defies even death.”

Posso contar um segredo? Eu não gosto de Romeu e Julieta. Para mim, é uma história sobre a derrota do amor, e não de sua vitória. Mas fiquei feliz em encontrar a pergunta e resposta abaixo, no mesmo texto de Egri:

“QUESTION: It is hard to determine just what is the basic emotion in a play. Take Romeo and Juliet, for instance. Without hate of the two families, the lovers could have lived happily. Instead of love, it seems to me that hate is the basic emotion in this play”.

“ANSWER: Did hate subdue these youngsters’ love for each other? It did not. It spurred them to greater effort. Their love deepened with each adversity. They were willing to give up their name, they dared their family’s hatred, and, at the end, gave their life for love. Hatred was vanquished at the end, not their love. Love was on trial by hatred, and love won with flying colors. Love did not grow out of hatred, but despite hatred love flourished. As we see it, the basic emotion of Romeo and Juliet is still love”.

Realmente: “O amor não cresceu a partir do ódio, mas apesar do ódio o amor floresceu. Como podemos ver, a emoção básica em Romeu e Julieta ainda é o amor”.

Fonte: Capítulo 1 de The Art of Dramatic Reading

Foto: happyhipposnacks

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